Monitoring Ecological Change. Ian F. Spellerberg , Martin W.
The state of ecosystems, biological communities and species are continuously changing as a result of both natural processes and the activities of humans. In order to detect and understand these changes, effective ecological monitoring programmes are required.
Conservation of wetlands requires that not only are effective monitoring programmes implemented, but also that the results are effectively utilised. Monitoring of ecological change in wetlands can be undertaken at several levels and with vastly different techniques. Satellite imagery, often linked to a GIS, aerial photography, flora and fauna surveys at the species and community levels, physico-chemical analyses, ecotoxicological testing, and biomonitoring in-stream and bank-side all have particular advantages and disadvantages.
Ecological Change and the Challenges for Monitoring
The choice of techniques is dependent on the objectives of the monitoring programme and the nature of the site being monitored. Finlayson, CM.
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